Comparison Between CMT and FPP In Garments/Textile
Have you ever noticed that when you go to the market to buy your favorite fabric, dress according to your choice maybe for the summer season or winter season, knows suppliers functions and behaviors that where this product design is simplified in different cutting segments and what are the process of making this into finish product, how and where cutting and manufacturing take place and where the garments are finished with different colored threads then who monitors and controls all such quality control segments and finally it reaches to the demanding customers and targeting peoples.
So read this complete article you will learn something interesting about your market suppliers and their different production processes like CMT, FPP, and In-House production process.
Types of Clothing Manufacturing:
Lets we talk about manufacturing types. There are three main types of clothing manufacturing. CMT (Cut, Make, Trim), FPP (Full Production Package), and In-House Production, we will discuss one by one in this article.
There are millions of textile companies all around the world and every company has its Quality Control Unit which has its own CMT conversion process. Now firstly we understand what is CMT in the textile term?
It’s simply Cut, Make, Trim production is where any textile factory takes and draws your designs and manufactures them. There are main three stages or segments of production.
· Cut: This is a very easy but most time-consuming process. In this process, materials are cut then bundled by style, size, and color designs and patterns and make them finalized to sew.
· Make: Where different sewing steps are performed together and crated for trimming. Factories normally use precision machines to manufacture garments and fabrics.
· Trim: Where and how this material become ready to wear after removing all the drawbacks, and imperfection of different threads, checked by last time. This is about checking garments for any problem and rectifies those issues and then the next step of how quality control checks such products and packing is done to supply a finished quality product to the related customers.
CMT outsources many labor-intensive aspects of the manufacturing process like cutting, making, and trimming, as well as final quality control (QC) and packaging.
Benefits of CMT Manufacturing:
· CMT is a great choice for fabric designers, who are already producing and manufacturing on a small level and need to outsource to increase their quantities.
· It retains control over fabric selection, as well as aspects such as swing tags, labels, and any extra packaging.
· It gives you an opportunity about tightening lead times for demanding retailers.
· CMT can increase your cutting efficiency, significantly lowering costs after investing in automatic cutting equipment.
FPP ( Full Production Package ):
About FPP we can say that It is all in one full package solution from the manufacturer, they create patterns, source fabrics, sampling is done and trims, make samples. In the full production process, factories also get involved in a variety of other segments such as:
· Design Stage: An FPP factory can assist in this development, and turn simple hand-sketched drawings into beautiful and attractive, eye-catching designs. They provide guidance and advice about market trends, specifications, as well as forecasting demand for a particular product or material.
· Technical Specifications: You have to face so many difficulties if you have little or no experience in textile production. FPP focuses on complete specifications manual and technical specifications like print design, label, and hardware placement very attentively.
· Fabric sourcing: Your production partner will be able to advise you on the best fabrics and order quantities according to your budget. This is an opportunity due to their relationship with external fabric sources, you can make a great deal too.
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Benefits of FPP Manufacturing:
· FPP works in favor of the manufacturer's economies of scale. You can analyze that denim or simple t-shirts price beats many individual brands.
· It is more expensive manufacturing that’s why you become a brand focus yourself.
· There are fewer operational responsibilities.
In this production method, you can directly make an order with the factory, there is no middle man is involved. It is a cost-saving process, because of no middleman quality issues become lesser as compare to another production process.
Components of Garment’s Cost:
The component on which the cost of the garment depends is given below:
§ Cut Make & Trim charges
§ Value-added services: printing, embroidery, washing, appliqué
§ Testing of the garment
§ Profit of the manufacturing organization
§ Transportation and logistics cost
These components depend on such parameters that affect the garment’s cost that fluctuates from time to time according to market situations. Some factors are Unit of Measure (UOM), Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ), Order Quality (OQ), Incoterm like FOB, EXW, DDP, CIF, etc.
Calculation of Cost of Fabric:
The cost of fabric can be calculated by the following method.
Yarn cost + fabric manufacturing cost (knitting or woven) + dyeing cost + finishing cost= total fabric manufacturing cost
· Dyeing Cost:
Dyeing cost means if the fabric is yarn-dyed or fiber dyed or piece dyed respective cost will be added depending upon fabric type.
· Finishing Cost:
Finishing cost included heat setting cost, normal finishing, compacting (knitted fabric), etc.
· Labour Cost per Minute:
Labor cost per minute = (Monthly salary of an operators/Total minutes available in the month) at 100% efficiency
· CM Cost:
CM cost = (SAM of the garment * Minute cost of the labor)/Line efficiency (%)
· Production Cost of Garment (CMT):
Production cost of garment (CMT) = sewing cost+ cutting cost + trimming cost
· Sewing Cost:
Sewing cost = (SAM of the garment * Minute cost of the labor)/Line efficiency (%)
· Cutting Cost:
Cutting cost = (SAM of cutting * Minute cost of the labor)/cutting efficiency (%)
After doing all this research about CMT, FPP, and In-House production or manufacturing, you can easily choose the best option for your business. You need to consider branding, quality, consistency, and cost, amongst many other elements to establish your business. All production methods can be suitable for old business as well as a new business.
Production merchandiser is responsible for the production cost of products, apart from great knowledge, skills, and experience they should be well aware of market trends and fluctuation of the cost of different garments components with time otherwise their strategies will fail. So a successful entrepreneur should be well attentive about such matters if they want to become more successful and wealthier as well.
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By: Sadaf Hanif