Textile Mills(Growing Sector): |Opportunities For All|


Do you know what does textile mill means? Who works in the textile mills? How does it affect on economy? Do you see the shirt which you are wearing from where it comes? How is the towel made? Why do we need different textile products? How many mills are working in Pakistan & all around the world? Does the economy get benefits or not from those? All such questions are widespread in our minds, so don't worry, here is an excellent article from where you can get lots of information and get satisfied.



Textile Industry is a complete production or manufacturing process unit where different types of Yarn and fabrics are produced through various processes and into useful and useable beautiful and innovative products. Products may be bedsheet, cushion, towel, curtain, begs, shoes, watch, violets, and much more.


Production Cycle of Textile Mills:


Textile mills production cycle consists of different steps for taking raw materials and completing it into finished products.

·       Natural or synthetic fibre arranged in different ways

·       Fibre is transfer into Yarn.

·       Yarn is going through different fabric production techniques like weaving, knitting.

·       The chemical process starts and accepts dyes.

·       They are using pigments dyeing, and printing processes start.

·       The finishing process starts where the finished product becomes ready to use.

·       After all such processes, definitive treatment to fabric like buttons and zippers attached for sale and distribution to users.


Textile Workers:


In Textile Factory, workers work about six months without getting paid because it is their learning phase. African and American men do the most massive workload. They move large amounts of cotton, loaded wagons, finished goods, and clean dust from rooms. The spinning section is female-dominated, works as weavers and freehand drawing—Boys perform their duties as doffers, sweepers, weaver, room fixer, carder and supervisor. Mill's works require lots of attention. Mill owners get the maximum amount of labour and supervise to regulate every department.



Role of textile industries in growth & development:


The textile industry is doing a significant role economically and socially too. The sector provides income, jobs, well-established living standards, helps in a better living way. It contributes to growth and development in the long term. Government policies help in maintaining qualities and effectiveness in growth levels.


The Textile and clothing industries are perfect for a handful of countries, respect for trade, employment, GDP, and contribute to various countries. Drives provide opportunities for export advanced diversification and expansion of manufactured exports for less-income countries that may disturbed their labour cost benefits and fill emerging niches and fulfil buyer demands. There are also strategic effects of such industries, which are much more significant. The more linkages built up between the textile garment industry and local textile producers and suppliers.


Such industries are a significant source of income for many countries. The contribution of distribution to GDP change by countries is up to 12% in Cambodia, 5% in Srilanka, and 15% in Pakistan.


It also affects the employment sector. Employment in production for low-income and less developed countries as a share of total employment in production ranges from 35% in less developed countries, 73% in Bangladesh and 90% in other countries.


Textile and cotton industries in developing countries are also affected by trade and other policies. It provides different public and private sectors opportunities to value addition chain because of high competition from other countries.


Strategies about Poverty Reduction:


·       Less developed countries should focus on increasing their exports to reduce poverty

·       They need to measure strong support for the ready-made garments and cloths

·       They should focus on Export diversification in Bangladesh

·       They should improve trade visa vis and Textile garments exports

·       Industries need to improve labour standards like working atmosphere, remuneration, and term of employment to contribute to poverty reduction

·       Need to enhance income generations and employment for the poor


Issues facing Textile mill or industries:


·       The main issue that the industry is facing is a lack of training programs to make their workers aware of different aspect regarding the production process till the finished products

·       Another problem is to Lack of research and development section. It is the most valuable tool to address customers' needs and demands. They need to analyze customer need then react accordingly to satisfy them

·       There is no collective method to address industrial problems because everyone is busy too much itself

·       Innovative policies should make to target your aims

·       In a competitive market, there is a lack of funds. When you get more funds, you can easily focus on your criteria and compete with your competitors.

·       There is excellent paperwork or manual work that takes too much human time that not good for industries. Machinery is essential nowadays because it saves time and cost-effective and efficient also.

·       One main problem is there is no positive behaviour toward working with large industries, and maybe it fears failing and not standing in front of the market.

·       Educated people should come to textile mills and cotton or garments industries to understand what market trends are? What's going on in the economy, and how to react accordingly.

·       Another issue that mills and industries are facing is the quota system it affects the Textile exports. The quota system should be convenient for different countries, so they were easy to fulfil.

·       There is no awareness of trade liberalization. It seems to be confused.workers should be well educated in advance.

·       There is a Lack of Effluent Treatment Plant. According to the international standards, only about 2 to 4 percent of the mills may have the ETP. In Pakistan, there is a very shortage of Effluent Treatment Plant.

·       We need to evaluate our factories by international buyers. International organizations charge a very high audit fee that is so bad for the factories or industries.

·       Another issue is a delay in delivery. Foreign buyers are more time conscious as compare to local buyers. They are punctually about their work and work within deadlines efficiently. For late work, local buyers have to pay a penalty that disturbs the finance.

·       Lack of direction is also a risky matter. Many exporters have no diversification in the order of trade.


How many are Textile Mills working in Pakistan?

The All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA) shows over 400 textile mills in Pakistan. Pakistan'largest textile industry is the most important export of Pakistan.


The most popular and one of the wealthiest personalities in this industry is Mian Muhammad Mansha, a business tycoon.


In Asia, Pakistan is the 8th largest exporter of textile products and the largest cotton producers worldwide.


Pakistan companies dealing in Textile:

Here we are going to present some Pakistani companies which are dealing in Textile products.

1.    Mehmood Group of Companies

2.    Sitara Textile Industries LTD

3.    Ali Textile

4.    Nadia International Private Limited

5.    Jeea Ahsen Textile Private Limited

6.    Lucky Textile Mills

7.    Aziz Sons

8.    South Asian Textile

9.    Akber Traders & Enterprises                                                    10.Grace Ventures



The future of textile mills and industries is gleaming and bright. There are a lot of opportunities to fulfil the world's demand for textiles. World complete textile demand is increasing day by day with high speed.

 Many factors contribute to the textile industry, which we have discussed in previous pages. Suppose you are planning to enter textile mil or cotton industries than its perfect time because this industry has a massive boost to success now and afterwards in future also. You gain many incentives and opportunities to excel in your skills in this sector.


This industry has got a record increase of 26% in quantitative terms because of a worldwide decrease in textile prices. This industry's importance can understand that it also employs more than ten million workers. It has contributed 40 billion through income tax as well as other indirect taxes. This industry exported $13.3 billion and $2.8 billion sold domestically.


After knowing all the essential aspects of Textile factories and industries, you should come into this field with your proper expertise to excel your business in the right direction with innovative thinking and conscious about time. It will help if you become a successful, most prosperous millionaire businessman or famous entrepreneur.


By: Sadaf Hanif