The Advantages and Disadvantages of Chemicals in Textile and the Impact of Textile Industries on the Environment
If we take a look around, we are surrounded by so many textile goods. The textile industry has an essential impact on us and on our economy also. The industries have positive and negative effects in anyways. Basically, the textile and clothing industry is made up of natural fibers, for example, wool, silk, cotton, linen, etc. if we talk about the textile industry of Pakistan, some human-made fibers are also working in textile industries such as “Synthetic fibers” which are common ones. It includes polyamide; acrylic made up of petrochemicals. Most of the clothing consists of polyester or Lycra that recognized internationally.
Advantages of Chemicals in Textiles:
A variety of chemicals can be found in clothing and textiles, including online yarn. Chemicals are used in different senses for the apparel or textile industry. Some chemicals are used for giving the product a definite effect. For instance, "dyes" are used to provide clothes for some colors. Water repellents are used for making outdoor wear more useful. Biocides are used to cease mold that grown on our shoes often. Some kind of clothes and shoes consists of bacteria-killing agents to oppose lousy smell. Textiles also have chemicals named as starch, oils, waxes, greases, sulphonated oils, etc. Some chemicals are used in clothing for making them wrinkle-free. By using chemicals in Nano forms, the textiles became more impenetrable towards strains, mold, water, bacteria, and wrinkles.
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Disadvantages of Chemicals in Textiles:
Some kinds of chemicals can be dangerous. For instance:
- Some specific dyes can be unfavorable to our health.
- Some metal parts or zippers in clothing consist of nickel, which causes an allergic response.
- Latex and Formaldehyde can be reasons for allergic reactions.
- In clothing or textiles, leather is used, which might contain chromium VI. That chemical is harmful to health.
- Plastic softeners are used in some clothing or shoes or bags, reducing the capacity to reproduce
In different countries, the local governments are banning so many harmful chemicals that have been used in the clothing and textile industries for decades. It includes azo colors, dimethyl-fumarate, chromium VI, phthalates, and some specific dyes.
Impacts or effects of Textiles on Our Environment:
The textile industry cannot grow without the usage of chemicals in their products. But the enlarged use of chemicals has some adverse effects on the environment and the people as well. The chemical substances may give rise to risks towards human health, which may be expected in future hazardous results. Due to excessive textiles, both environment and people are exhibited to chemicals. In manufacturing countries, concerted textile industries are causing more dangerous effects in those areas.
The significant effect of textile industries on the environment is the discharge of massive amounts of chemicals in some unpractical way. Contaminated water and water shortages cause are adverse effects on the environment. The products made in these textiles create pollution as the chemicals used in clothing are hard to recycle. For example, nylon takes about 30 to 40 years to decay.
In industries, the weaving, spinning, and production of clothes threaten air quality. The process of dyeing and printing in the textile industries contains huge amounts of chemicals and water, which further discharge various evaporative agents into the air, causing harmful effects on our health. Due to modern textiles, the worlds of fashion are becoming more exciting and glamorous, but our environment's impact is unpleasant days by day.
Some other reasons are excessive water usage in textiles, which may cause a shortage of water in different countries in the upcoming years. Energy consumption is another effect or impact on the environment. The textile industries are a big reason for air pollution in other states now a day. The waste of the textiles is disposed-off into nearby lakes, which contaminated the water and affected aquatic life. The material used in clothing such as polyester drops microscopic fibers that travel into the water, which adds plastic pollution to our oceans.
Solutions for eco-friendly Textiles:
Different countries have legal authorities regarding the impact of textiles on the environment. The main concern of manufactures should be human health and the environment in any way. The chemical manufacturer companies working or trading in any country must aware of their duties and requirements in that area to maintain the eco-friendly environment.Eco-Friendly Textiles: Basically, eco-friendly means earth-friendly. The primary purpose of promoting eco-friendly textiles is to reduce the harm that clothing industries create in the environment. If we want a toxic-free product, we should take initiative steps during production. By using the idea of eco-friendly textiles, fortunately, there are some substitutes of chemicals used in clothing or textile industry. Bamboo fabrics, organic cotton, soy silk, wool, corn fiber, hemp, and jute are observed as eco-friendly fabrics. All these come from nature without causing any dangerous effects on our environment. Further, they are cheaper as compared to synthetic fibers used in clothing.Tips for Consumers:Textile industries are limited to be a certain level. However, the buyers should have some check on the products such as:
- First of all, the manufacturers should embrace clean technics that promote eco-friendly textiles.
- Products that are made or used should be disposed of in some severe ways so that a harmless environment can be raised.
- The people working in textile industries should have complete knowledge of chemicals and raw materials.
- The workers must have knowledge about how chemicals interact, where they end up, and, most importantly, how they affect our people's health and environment.
- Before producing any product in the textile industry, one should have a complete understanding of chemicals used, raw materials, their use, and final disposal.
- The chemicals must be used in some appropriate ways so that eco-friendly textiles can be grown.
- The harmful substances should not be used unessential.
- The new products should not consist of elements of very serious concern regarding human health and the environment.
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- You should consider the products with official eco-labels.
- You should use your right if you suspect some harmful substances in the product.