Demanding Textile Fabrics(Woven and Non Woven)
Have you any idea about Woven & Non-Woven Textile and its manufacturing process? Do you know the difference between them? How can you tell if a fabric is non-woven? This article is about two types of textiles or cloth, things, or materials made from this, their examples, and so many exciting points discussed here in this article.
A woven fabric is any fabric made by interlacing two or more than two threads at right angles. Usually, this is created on a loom and made of so many lines. This fabric does not stretch easily compared to knitted fabric that gives lots of advantages to use differently. Woven fabrics are very famous and traditional for many times, and they crafted many times to get versatile products.
Kinds of woven fabric:
Many kinds of woven fabric are using internationally, which we are going to discuss here.
· Buckram Fabric
It is a loosely lightweight woven fabric. It uses as interfacing; it provides shape retention to the collar, neckline, belt, waistband, cuff, handbags, etc. this is very supportive of clothes.
· Cambric Fabric
Cambric fabric is also a light-weighted plain-woven fabric. This fabric is suitable for all those dresses which require crispness, for example, women's dresses and children's dresses.
· Casement Fabric
It makes of near thick warp yarns, curtains, table linen, curtains, upholstery, and this casement fabric is rarely used for dresses.
· Cheese Cloth
It is a very famous lightweight sheer fabric having an open weave. Cheese Cloth Fabric has a very low count fabric which is consisting of carded yarns. There is a disadvantage of this type of material that this is not durable and not strong. We can make its finished products in different ways according to customers' needs and choices.
A great thing about this fabric is that this fabric does not require too much ironing. Cheese fabric produces women's dresses, children's dresses, and male clothes.
· Chiffon Fabric
This fabric is lightweight fabrics prepared by hard twisted yarns. Initially, in silk fabrics, but nowadays t this is made from Rayon or polyester. This type makes Sarees and women's evening wears of cloth. The materials can do not shrink. That's amazing.
· Chintz Fabric
This fabric is a medium-weighted, plain woven yarn. These are available in a solid color and printed with floral prints and are a mixture of cotton and polyester or Rayon. They use for aprons, skirts, dresses, blouses, draperies, and pajamas.
· Corduroy Fabric
Corduroy fabric is available in pure solid colors. It is used for pants, jeans, and shirts and seen in ribs on the surface.
· Crepe Fabric
In simple words, silk fabric like crinkle surface and highly twisted yarn similar crepe effects. Such materials produce by using these ordinary yarns. This fabric is best for shirts, saree, women's and children's dresses.
· Denim Fabric
It is dyed yarn, wrap-hand color cotton, blue, brown, green maroon with a white weft. This fabric has Two weights produce it for overalls and sportswear. It is napped, printed, and made with stretch yarn look attractive and eye-catching too.
· Drill Fabric
Drill fabric is only available in white color, but after some time, this has changed now we have a variety of colors of this fabric-like, blue, black, brown, etc. All are in solid colors, and such fabric is for knickers, pants, and uniforms.
· Flannel Fabric
Flannel Fabric is the plain-woven fabric. The main characteristic of this flannel fabric is it is very soft and comfortable to handle. Due to milling, it looks like a bulky fabric and materials.
· Georgette Fabric
It has a rough texture prepared by hard twisted ply, yarns both in warp and weft. In the past, it makes in silk, but today it is produced in Rayon and polyester too. It's mainly suitable for attractive and beautiful women's evening wear.
· Kashmir Silk Fabric
Kashmir silk is a piece of silk fabric, may be embroidered or printed. The motifs as characteristic of Kashmir. This use for shirts, women's wear, and sarees—Kashmir shawls made with traditional Kashmiri embroidery.
· Khadi Fabric
Khadi Fabric is manufactured by one cotton fiber, mixtures of two or more threads. This fabric is straightforward, and that' sleuths why people like and want to make this fabric's clothes. The materials are best for household textile products.
· Lawn Fabric
Lawn fabric is lovely, light-weighted, and comfortable for use. it uses as a lining in dresses.
· Mulmul Fabric
Mulmul fabric is delicate and soft; basically, it is an Indian term that is very popular and mostly printed in making saree, scarf, and inner shirts.
· Muslin Fabric
The name Muslin is derived from the city from where this fabric makes the first time. This fabric uses as a grey color, bleached and dyed.This is very light and people wear in summer weather, this is comfort level fabric on hot days.
· Tissue Fabric
It is a delicate fabric in silk or human-made fiber this interwoven with gold or silver threads. Tissue fabric manufactures in full, rich color, exceptionally bright colors.
· Velvet Fabric
This fabric is initially made from silk and produce in Rayon and unique twisted yarn. This fabric is used in the winter season because it gives warmth and the right to cold weather.
Examples of Woven materials:
Some example of woven fabric and woven materials are:
· Lawn cotton sateen
In non-woven fabric, long fibers are used to twisted together using heat, chemical, or mechanical treatment without weaving and manual constructions. This fabric is not very expensive, and this is the great thing about this fabric, which produces very quickly and easily. There is an essential point that non woven fabric is more durable and robust compared to woven fabrics. Some examples of non-woven materials are disposable plastic bags and a surgical gown.
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Manufacturing Process of Non woven fabric:
This process involves putting small fibers altogether in the form of a web of sheet and then binding them either mechanically with thermally and melting the binder onto the web by checking and increasing temperature. Some main functions are also involved in non-woven materials, which we are high light in this article.
Let's have a look.
1. Staple non-wovens
3. Spunlaid non-wovens
4. Flash spun
5. Air-laid paper
Such manufacturing phases are used to produce non-woven products and materials.
Examples of Non-Woven Materials:
Here are some examples of non woven fabric and materials like:
· Polar fleece
· Sweat shirting fleece
· Interlock knit
· Double knit
Which one is better?
Both have their benefits. Knitted clothes or materials are faster to work with because you don't need to end seams or insert zips and buttons. But they are trickier to handle, curling up and stretching as you work with them.
It would help if you needed to use different alternative techniques with each. All those stretch stitches are necessary when you are sewing with knits. You will also need to change your needle, using a pencil or ballpoint or stretch needle for knits and a worldwide sharp needle for wovens.
A woven and non-woven production method depends on a fiber combination, giving materials its irreversible properties like density, thickness, weight, pattern, stability or, breathability, flexibility, color, and fabric handle, texture.
Both are very beneficial with their properties and usages activities.
By: Sadaf Hanif